LONG RANGE WEATHER FORECASTING
Dramatic Weather Events Seen Through a Geographical Natal Chart
A Chronology of Rhode Island's Great StormsBy Carolyn Egan
LONG RANGE WEATHER FORECASTING
The basic rules of long range weather forecasting originated with the astrologers of long ago, from Ptolemy to J.B. Morin and more recently, C.C. Zain in his book Weather Prediction. In brief, the ideas that Zain puts forth includes the examination of seasonal Sun ingress charts and four lunar phases, new, full and quarters. The 4th and 1st houses, their ruling sign and planets are analyzed and blended to develop a weather forecast.
After following the basic rules for several years of forecasting weather, I have discovered that a more accurate forecast can be achieved when transits to a located chart of a state, country or region are included in the analysis.
WHAT IS A GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION CHART?
A geographic location chart is a well timed horoscope (birth chart) for an entire country, a state, or region and in the case of England, it is a coronation chart which has proved its worth. In general, this type of chart will have angular cusps which are sensitive to transiting planets.
The study of transits to a geographical location chart is a powerful technique that enables the astrometeorologist to create a more accurate long range extreme weather forecast. Finding such a chart is not always an easy task.
It is well known that transits are a reliable timing method based on the relationship of a planet's current position in the sky to a birth chart.
Charts from Marc Penfield's book Horoscopes of Cities and States of the USA have been examined and transits to the charts often describe the daily weather if the chart is well-timed! The list of dramatic weather events that follows in the state of Rhode Island and the transits to the location chart demonstrates the point of this article.
Dramatic weather is common in Florida and a chart for the state of Florida, when it became a state, has also been tested (fig 2). For this article, Penfield's rectified chart of the Founding of Newport, RI in the year 1639 is used (Fig 1) along with the most dramatic storms in its history.
WHY USE A GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION CHART?
Weather forecasts can be created without the aid of a located chart. However, the additional information derived from the locational chart has more than once been the deciding factor for the final forecast.
In order for a birth chart, the locational chart, to be of value in forecasting the weather for a country, a state or a region, the angles (the cusps of houses 1, 4, 7, and 10) must be sensitive to major transits at the time of a strong weather event. Natal planets found close to the angular house cusps from either side will be sensitive as well. The table of transit hits for the Rhode Island storms demonstrates this nicely. The Founding of Newport, RI chart has only one planet, Uranus, which is close to an angle, the 4th house cusp. Uranus scored very high in the hurricane transit hits. The rulers of houses 1 and 4 also scored high.
The intensity of a weather event should reflect the number of and harshness of the planets transiting the angles and planets. In fact, as an aside, once the art of weather forecasting is learned, one can use the weather terminology in the specified 1st and 4th houses in your own natal birth chart with surprising and revealing results!
For example, Mars and Saturn in hard aspect to the 4th house cusp would mean 'violent and severe thunderstorms', and very often when the signs Gemini and Leo occupy the 1st and 4th house cusps (in some latitudes) the weather is fair, breezy and dry.
After a chart such as the one demonstrated in this article, the Founding of Newport, RI, has been observed and is workable, the area of land it covers will vary due to the terrain. In Southern New England, the Newport chart covers major storms for Rhode Island and coastal areas of Connecticut and Massachusetts, all three states having the same climate and vulnerability. In larger states such as Texas and California, more than one chart may be necessary to work with.
In addition to using transits to the locational chart, other forecasting techniques such as progressions, solar arc directions, solar returns and a progressed declination graph may be applied.
Meteorologists rely on statistical evidence to predict future cyclonic events. Their statements of long range event probabilities change frequently, hold no water and are vague and useless. The performance of astrometeorological forecasts constitutes a more accurate view of storm events proven in the past by several 20th century practitioners. The potential of the long range weather forecasting system continues to grow and one day the science oriented meteorologists may understand the value of integrating both models.
WHERE TO FIND A GEOGRAPHICAL FOUNDATION CHART
One very good source of timed charts is Marc Penfield's book Horoscopes of the USA and Canada. Many charts have rectified times with very good source history. I continue to test the charts for the USA coastal states for their effectiveness. To be effective in this endeavor, the work must be done to discover additional located charts.
Many of the older charts seem to resonate more with the location, than the charts for the state's entrance into the union. The local library and historical society are two other sources where significant dates of founding or settlements may prove useful as well. Historical text may include a general time of a foundation meeting or treaty that could be tested and rectified. Without question, the internet continues to be one of our most valuable resources.
Generally, more than one chart may need to be tested for a location, but the chart for The Founding of the City of Newport, RI (fig. 1), rectified by Marc Penfield, is the one chart with angles sensitive to transits. A total of four charts were tested for Rhode Island. The ruling planets of the 1st and 4th house cusp signs, the main houses in weather work, were also sensitive to transits as demonstrated in the following analysis. The sensitivity of the planetary rulers of the 7th and 10th house signs is not necessary to the study because the 4th and 1st houses, the signs on the cusps and planets close to the cusps are generally the main weather indicators.
CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF RHODE ISLAND'S GREAT STORMS and
NOTEABLE TRANSITS TO THE FOUNDING CHART IN NEWPORT, RI
Major transits landed on the Newport chart even though this storm is four years prior to the 1639 chart. On the day of landfall, Venus and Mars were conjoined transiting conjunct the natal Moon and in a square aspect to natal Uranus. Transiting (Transit)) Jupiter was opposite natal Saturn which also squares natal Sun. Transit Uranus was trine natal Venus.
Transforming Pluto was transit conjunct the natal ascendant by less than one degree. Transit Mars was applying by 2 degrees to the ascendant. Transit Uranus was applying to a conjunction with natal Mars by one degree. Transit Jupiter was applying to square natal Uranus by less than one degree.
Pluto was applying by transit opposing the 1st house cusp within 2 degrees. Tansit Saturn was applying to a square of natal Saturn and opposition to natal Sun by a small orb.
Transit Uranus conjuncts the ascendant. by less than one degree. Transit Neptune was on the 4th house cusp within 2.5 degrees. Transit Pluto was square to the natal Sun by one degree. Saturn transiting was in square to natal Venus by less than one degree.
Transit Neptune was sextile the natal 4th house cusp by less than one degree while transit Jupiter was conjunct the natal 4th cusp to the degree. Any combination of Venus, Jupiter and Neptune tends to be a tropical influence. Transit Uranus was opposite natal Mercury to the degree and conjunct natal Jupiter by less than one degree.
Transit Pluto was in square to natal Moon by 15 minutes. Transit Saturn conjuncted Neptune and was trine natal Uranus.
Neptune transits in square to natal Venus by less than one degree. Transit Uranus squares natal ascendant by less than one degree. Transit Saturn squares the ascendant to the degree. Transit Jupiter squares natal ascendant to the degree.
Transit Neptune was in trine natal Moon to the degree. Transit Uranus was conjunct natal Mercury to the degree and also opposite to natal Jupiter by one degree.
Neptune transiting to trine the natal ascendant by a degree helps ease this storm in instead of destroying the environment. Jupiter also applied to square natal Mars perhaps avoiding more devastation than from a malefic.
|In 1938, transiting Pluto was on the 1st house cusp in the RI char. In 2005,transiting Pluto was aspecting the natal Moon in the State of Louisiana's natal chart when Hurricane Katrina made landfall. The natal Moon is the ruler of the 1st house cusp and transit Pluto also squared the natal 4th and 10th cusps of the chart.|
Transit Saturn was applying to the 10th house cusp while transit Pluto, both malefics, was conjunct the degree of the natal ascendant. Transit Uranus was conjunct the natal Sun. Also the transiting stellium in Virgo was in square aspect to the natal Gemini stellium.
The very tropical pair of Venus and Neptune conjoined in transit and was conjunct natal Uranus in the 4th house. The transiting pair of Jupiter and Uranus conjunct was with the natal Moon. Transit Pluto was sextile natal Uranus by 5 minutes.
The transits to the Newport chart are similar to those of Hurricane Carol with the Neptune transiting closer to a conjunction with natal Uranus. Transiting Jupiter was conjunct the natal Moon to the degree.
A year later after Hurricane Edna, transit Neptune was still hovering, conjunct natal Uranus in the 4th house and transit Mars egged on Neptune by exact sextile. Transit Uranus was about to conjoin the natal ascendant. Transit Saturn was also approaching the opposition to natal Sun by 2.5 degrees.
Transit Pluto and Neptune were in sextile aspect, affecting natal Venus, ruler of the 4th house cusp by square and quincunx aspect.
There was a strong transit pattern of Saturn square to both Mercury and Mars and were conjunct the natal Uranus. An additional transit of Venus conjunct Uranus was also in square to natal Pluto by one degree. The midpoint of transiting Saturn and Jupiter could also be counted as a contributing factor as it was the same degree in square to natal Uranus.
Transit Pluto was at work again as it was conjunct the 4th house cusp. Transit Uranus was opposite the Sun while Neptune was quincunx the Sun. The Transit Sun squared its natal position and conjuncted natal Saturn. Mars brought on the chaotic condtions as it squared natal Uranus for the surprize factor in a storm that paralyzed the northeast for a week.
The lack of strong transits to the Rhode Island chart for this storm indicates the lesser intensity, damage and costs. Transit Pluto was close to two degrees square the ascendant and quincunx natal Mercury. Transit Neptune was quincunx the ascendant. Transiting Uranus was opposite natal Mars and Jupiter was transit trine to Venus.
Transit Pluto was opposite the natal Sun and square to natal Saturn. Transit Saturn sits on the 7th house cusp opposite the ascendant.
Transit Pluto was conjunct Jupiter and trine the ascendant while transit Neptune was square to natal Uranus by one degree. Transit Uranus was opposite the ascendant and trine to natal Mercury while transit Saturn sextiled natal Venus.
Pluto and Mars were in transit conjunct, and were opposite natal Venus. Transit Neptune was exactly conjunct the natal 7th house cusp. Transit Saturn had just stationed retrograde at 17 degrees Taurus on the natal Sun.
TABLE OF DATES, STORM NAME AND TRANSITSThe table helps to identify and summarize the points or planets that are transited most frequently in the founding chart. In all cases, the planets listed first are the transiting planets.
|LANDFALL DATE||NAME OF STORM||TRANSITS TO NATAL|
|Aug 15, 1635||Great Colonial Hurricane|| Venus conjunct Moon
Mars conjunct Moon
Venus square Uranus
Mars square Uranus
Jupiter opposite Saturn
Jupiter square Sun
Jupiter sextile 4th cusp
Uranus trine Venus
|Oct 29, 1693||Tropical cyclone||Pluto conjunct ascendant
Mars conjunct ascendant
Neptune conjunct 10th cusp
Uranus conjunct Mars
Jupiter square Uranus
|Nov 1, 1778||Late season hurricane||Pluto conjunct 7th cusp|
Saturn square Saturn
Saturn square Sun
|Aug 19, 1788||Powerful hurricane||Uranus conjunct ascendant
Neptune conjunct 4th cusp
Pluto square Sun
Saturn square Venus
|Sept 23-24, 1815||Great September Gale||Neptune sextile 4th cusp
Jupiter conjunct 4th cusp
Uranus conjunct Jupiter
Uranus opposite Mercury
|Oct 14, 1846||Great Havana Hurricane||Pluto square Moon
Saturn conjunct Neptune
Saturn trine Uranus
|Oct 19, 1851||Tropical storm||Neptune square Venus
Uranus square ascendant
Saturn square ascendant
Jupiter square ascendant
|Sept 16, 1858||Category 1 hurricane||Neptune trine Moon
Uranus conjunct Mercury.
Uranus opposite Jupiter
|Sept 28, 1861||Tropical storm||
Neptune trine ascendant
Jupiter square Mars
|Sept 21, 1938||Great Unnamed Hurricane of 1938||Pluto conjunct the ascendant
Uranus conjunct Sun
Saturn conjunct the 10th cusp
Mars square Venus
Mercury square Mars
Neptune sextile Neptune
|Aug 31, 1954||Hurricane Carol||Venus conjunct Uranus
Neptune conjunct Uranus
Jupiter conjunct Moon
Uranus conjunct Moon
Pluto sextile Uranus
|Sept 11, 1954||Hurricane Edna||Neptune conjunct Uranus
Jupiter conjunct Moon
|Aug 19, 1955||Hurricane Diane||Neptune conjunct Uranus
Uranus conjunct the ascendant
Saturn opposite Sun.
|Sept 12-13, 1960||Hurricane Donna||Pluto square Venus
Neptune quincunx Venus.
|Sept 21, 1961||Hurricane Esther||Saturn conjunct Uranus
Mercury conjunct Uranus
Mars conjunct Uranus
Uranus square Pluto
Venus square Pluto
|Feb 6, 1978||Blizzard of '78||Pluto conjunct 4th cusp
Uranus opposite Sun
Neptune quincunx Sun
Sun square Sun
Sun square Saturn
Mare square Uranus
|Sept 26, 1985||Hurricane Gloria||Pluto square ascendant
Pluto quincunx Mercury.
Neptune quincunx ascendant
Uranus opposite Mars
Jupiter trine Venus.
|Aug 19, 1991||Hurricane Bob||Pluto opposite Sun
Pluto square Saturn
Saturn conjunct 7th cusp
|July 13, 1996||Hurricane Bertha||Pluto conjunct Jupiter
Pluto trine ascendant
Neptune square Uranus
Uranus conjunct 7th cusp
Uranus trine Mercury
Saturn sextile Venus
|Sept 17, 1999||Hurricane Floyd||Neptune conjunct 7th cusp
Pluto opposite Venus
Mars opposite Venus
Saturn conjunct Sun
The aspects used are the conjunction, sextile, square, trine, quincunx and opposition. Please note there were only a few sextile and quincunx aspects.
|NATAL POINT OR PLANET||NUMBER OF HITS BY TRANSIT|
|Ascendant Leo (includes oppositions from 7th)||16|
|Uranus in the 4th house||13|
|Sun ruler of the 1st house||10|
|Venus ruler of 4th house Libra||9|
|IC or 4th cusp (included oppositions from MC)||8|
OBSERVATIONS AND CONCLUSIONSThe observation and analysis of the 1st and 4th house cusps and their ruling planets is essential to the study of long range weather forecasting using lunation charts. When the angle or cusp of the 1st and 4th houses, and/or the rulers are transited by planets there is a weather event. Transits to the same points and planets of the locational chart for Newport, RI are the highest totals.
The 4th and 1st house cusps and ruling planets, plus a planet close to the 4th house cusp of the Newport RI chart received the largest number of transits for the most significant storms of close to 400 years.
The ascendant/descendant (1st and 7th house cusps) axis is the horizon or the 'lay of the land'. We can combine the ascendant hits with transits hits to the ruler of the ascendant the Sun. The total of sixteen and seven transits is twenty-six.
The 4th house cusp was determined important by Zain and later George J. McCormack, an astrometeorologist for 50 years, proposed the 4th house cusp to be the receiver of the energies of the planets using seasonal ingress charts and the lunation charts and he claims that about one half of the forecast comes from this point. The 4th and 1st house cusps on any chart are determined by the date, time and location data.
In the Newport chart, the cusp of the 4th house received eight hits and the ruler of the Libra cusp, Venus, received nine for a total of seventeen hits. Natal Uranus in the 4th house, close to the cusp received thirteen hits. Combining all three, the cusp of the 4th, the ruling planet of the 4th cusp and Uranus, in the 4th total came to an amazing 30 hits.
The conclusion is that a geographical located chart compared with transits is a valuable addition to the study of long range weather forecasting.
I am hoping to encourage astrologers to look further into the study of weather because we all talk about the weather and think there is nothing we can do about it. It is my hope to improve astrology's image when more astrologers can provide accurate long range weather forecasts.
A recent addition to the weather website that was launched in May 2000, is a Tribute Page to those who are published and have made great strides in the field of long range forecasting. Well known astrologer Alphee Lavoie is featured here; he presented a lecture on long range weather forecasting to a group of astrologers in Rhode Island in the early 1990s. http://www.weathersage.com/tributes/
The article would not be complete without an idea of what the future may hold for Rhode Islan and nearby states in terms of dramatic weather events. Judging only from the study of transits to the Newport chart, the 2007 and 2008 hurricane seasons will have storms that will impact the region. However, the outer planets are not in position to affect the major sensitive points that are listed in the table and damage may be minimal.
For the years 2009 and 2010, the Newport, RI chart is mostly quiet. In 2011 there will be concern for both the winter and hurricane seasons. In the year 2012, stressful transits to the Newport chart prevail from July through November with connections to the eclipse of November 13, 2012.
The element of chance is always present in the study of astrology prediction and Mother Nature has not yet revealed all her secrets, but with the current crew of astrometeorologists, we have enough insight and experience to strive for a 90 percent accurate seasonal forecast.
Astrologers of all levels can begin to forecast weather with information from the C.C. Zain book or a self-study course I have designed and available on my website. Adding a geographical location chart for your area will greatly add to the forecast.
The State of Florida chart from Penfield's book is another excellent backup chart. (Fig. 2) A good exercise would be for the reader to select a few of the classic storms in Florida - Hurricane Andrew and the hurricanes of the 2004 season for starters. Set up the Florida chart with future lunations to see when strong transits to the angular houses, 1, 4, 7 and 10 will brew up another
Carolyn Egan July 1, 2006 ©
Credits Thanks to Alphee Lavoie for the introduction to weather forecasting, to Nick Campion for his innovative lectures and to Judy Johns for her mundane work.
Horoscopes of the USA and Canada by Penfield, Marc H. AFA
1635 Hurricane - The 1938 Hurricane pg 17; Wm Elliott Minsinger ISBN 0-945967-03-09
Information on C.C. Zain and George J. McCormack http://www.weathersage.com/tributes/
General resource for all hurricanes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane
Additional Web Resources
1635 Colonial Hurricane http://www.pivot.net/~cotterly/history.htm
1693 Tropical Storm http://www.answers.com/topic/list-of-new-england-hurricanes
1778 Tropical Storm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_England_hurricanes
1788 Hurricane http://atm.geo.nsf.gov/dstreme/learn/19_w_sum.htm
1815 The Great Gale of 1815 http://www.geo.brown.edu/georesearch/esh/QE/Research/CoastStd/NEHurric.htm
1846 The Great Havana (Cuba) Hurricane http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_England_hurricanes
1851 Tropical storm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_England_hurricanes
1938 Great Unnamed Storm of 1938 http://weathersage.com/storms/index.htm
1954 Hurricane Carol http://www.geocities.com/hurricanene/hurricanecarol.htm
1954 Hurricane Edna http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/weather/hurricaneguide/sfl-hc-history-1950to1990,0,3890992.htmlstory?coll=orl-weather-hurr-utility
1955 Hurricane Diane http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Diane
1960 Hurricane Donna http://www.weather.com/newscenter/specialreports/sotc/honorable/1960.html
1961 Hurricane Esther http://weather.mercurynews.com/auto/mercurynews/hurricane/at1961.asp
1978 Blizzard of '78 http://www.hurricanes-blizzards-noreasters.com/78blizzard.html
1985 Hurricane Gloria http://www.geocities.com/hurricanene/hurricanegloria.htm
1991 Hurricane Bob http://www.geocities.com/hurricanene/hurricanebob.htm
1996 Hurricane Bertha http://www.usatoday.com/weather/wbertha.htm
1999 Hurricane Floyd http://www.deadlystorms.com/xtra/hurricane_timeline.htm
Carolyn Egan of Rhode Island, USA has been an astrologer for over twenty years. Her specialty is long range weather forecasting. In the last ten years, Carolyn has taken many steps to insure, promote and improve long range weather forecasting. She has also gathered a network of astrologers who are both students of her weather course and independent practitioners who are subscribed to the astroweather e-mail list at Topica.com. The subscribers are a global group and it is they who will carry on the study of Astrometeorology. Two students of the weather course are authors of weather books, one from Austria and another from Puerto Rico. In addition, other accomplishments in the field of weather forecasting are as follows:
* Design, prepare, and distribute hundreds of long range weather reports quarterly.
* Pioneer a global internet class on long range weather forecasting 1998-2002
* Design a basic self-study course on long range weather forecasting
* Design and develop a website in 2000 to popularize and promote long range forecasting
* Honor accomplished and published astrometeorologists on a tribute page at the website
* Lecture, write and teach the weather course internationally
Copyright August 1, 2006